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Juan Pablo Viscardo y Guzmán (1784-1798) : esquisse d'un projet des lumières pour la libération du Pérou

Abstract : Juan Pablo Viscardo Y Guzman, a precursor of Latin American Independence ideas, was one of the most interesting personalities of the 18th century. The man’s writings may have had a military, political, economic or moral orientation but they all had the same interest in the Liberation of Latin America and particularly in Peru, Viscardo’s homeland. Educated at Cuzco Jesuitical college according to rigid canons, Creole Viscardo witnessed permanent tensions between the spheres of Power. After the Society of Jesus was expelled out of Spanish dominions in 1767, the young Jesuit landed in Tuscany and, while he strongly rejected his condition as a Spanish vassal, he spent most of his adult life travelling in Italy and Great Britain. His curiosity led him to understand different ways of thinking and analysing the political revolutions which heralded the advent of the contemporary world. His thoughts and outstanding knowledge made him a conspirator as well as a political and economic theorist. He was the first thinker to assert a strong wish for independence and a clearly Latin American identity through a liberation project for the Spanish colonies which stated that only the support of Great Britain would make the designed prospects become reality. The Jesuit, unintentionally ostracized, saw himself as a citizen of Peru and of Latin America as a whole. He considered the Hispanic provinces one fatherland which had to be liberated in its territorial completeness - he demanded absolute independence. Thanks to Viscardo, in the eve of wars of independence, Latin America started to cut itself off from Spain and build the foundation of its identity.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 30, 2021 - 10:04:16 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 1, 2021 - 3:44:26 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03456513, version 1


Nicolas de Ribas. Juan Pablo Viscardo y Guzmán (1784-1798) : esquisse d'un projet des lumières pour la libération du Pérou. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Paris 3 - La Sorbonne Nouvelle, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : ⟩. ⟨tel-03456513⟩



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