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Dynamiques transfrontalières et identités territoriales. L'exemple des Alpes de Savoie, de la Suisse romande et du Val d'Aoste.

Abstract : The borders or dyads which separate Switzerland, France and Italy are the result of a historical respiration whose lines were fixed late with the integration of Savoy into France in 1860. The French language has always facilitated the links of traditional proximities. The second half of the 20th century was marked by a multiplication and diversification of cross-border relations. The actors of the territories frequently position themselves as mediators of the border to facilitate the dynamics. Nevertheless, we question the intentions of the actors. Are they really interested in fostering cross-border cooperation or in strengthening power issues in border areas? Cultural continuities, complemented by economic exchanges as in the Franco-Genevan sector, underline the emergence of original territories. The result, "homotone" (term proposed by the author), corresponds to the margins of the territories of identity, a place of syncretism since, in contact with other cultural signs, determining another original identity territory. Cross-border dynamics and identity developments are comparable in the Western Alps between the internal and external borders of the European Union. The Swiss confederation is not excluded from the general evolution of Europe. On the contrary, it seeks to actively participate in building new ties while respecting popular choices (refusal of 6 December 1992 for the integration of Switzerland into the European Economic Area). The margins of nation states, encouraged by the policies engendered by the European construction, allow the re-emergence of certain rather regional identities and reveal a paradox of our world system. Behind a dominant discourse affirming the disappearance of frontiers within the framework of the global economy, the actors use the economic, legal and social differences essential to the mesh constituted by the states whose differentiators are the borders. Mediation also takes part in a form of patrimonialization of the frontier object.
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https://hal-univ-artois.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03430195
Contributor : François Moullé Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 16, 2021 - 10:05:29 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 4:01:39 AM

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François Moullé. Dynamiques transfrontalières et identités territoriales. L'exemple des Alpes de Savoie, de la Suisse romande et du Val d'Aoste.. Géographie. Université de Cergy-Pontoise, 1999. Français. ⟨tel-03430195⟩

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