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Les Pères de l'Église et Lucifer (Lucifer d'après Is 14 et Ez 28)

Abstract : This article tries to outline the history of the patristic interpretation of Lucifer. The word « Lucifer » means the planet Venus as first ray of dawn. In this sense, Christ is the « light-bearer » of the last day (2 Peter 1, 19 and Rev. 22, 16) A passage from Isaiah (14, 4-23) against a king of Babylon led to identifiy the star with a fallen angel. An oracle against a Prince of Tyre in Ezekiel (28, 2-19) backed up the identification. Tertullian and Origen are the first to propose a spiritual reading of these two passages. The Fathers wondered about the reason of the fall and explained it by the lust, the jealousy, and particularly the pride of the angel. Then Lucifer became one of the names of Satan.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 1, 2022 - 3:47:34 PM
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Jean-Marc Vercruysse. Les Pères de l'Église et Lucifer (Lucifer d'après Is 14 et Ez 28). Revue des Sciences Religieuses, Palais universitaire, 2001, 75 (2), pp. 147-174. ⟨10.3406/rscir.2001.3572⟩. ⟨hal-03767072⟩



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