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Cyclodextrins Initiated Ring-Opening Polymerization of Lactide Using 4-Dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) as Catalyst: Study of DMAP/β-CD Inclusion Complex and Access to New Structures

Abstract : Cyclodextrins (CDs) are cyclic oligosaccharides used in many fields. Grafting polymers onto CDs enables new structures and applications to be obtained. Polylactide (PLA) is a biobased, biocompatible aliphatic polyester that can be grafted onto CDs by -OH-initiated ring-opening polymerization. Using 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) as an organocatalyst, a quantitative functionalization is reached on native α-, β-, γ- and 2,3-dimethyl- β-cyclodextrins. Narrow molecular weight distributions are obtained with the native CDs (dispersity < 1.1). The DMAP/β-CD combination is used as a case study, and the formation of an inclusion complex (1/1) is shown for the first time in the literature, which is fully characterized by NMR. The inclusion of DMAP into the cavity occurs via the secondary rim of the β-CD and the association constant (Ka) is estimated to be 88.2 M−1. Its use as an initiator for ring-opening polymerization leads to a partial functionalization efficiency, and thus a more hydrophilic β-CD-PLA conjugate than that obtained starting from native β-CD. Polymerization results including also the use of the adamantane/β-CD inclusion complex as an initiator suggest that inclusion of the DMAP catalyst into the CD may not occur during polymerization reactions. Rac-lactide does not form an inclusion complex with β-CD.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 2:09:09 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 3:43:05 AM

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Julie Meimoun, Yupin Phuphuak, Remi Miyamachi, Yong Miao, Marc Bria, et al.. Cyclodextrins Initiated Ring-Opening Polymerization of Lactide Using 4-Dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) as Catalyst: Study of DMAP/β-CD Inclusion Complex and Access to New Structures. Molecules, MDPI, 2022, 27 (3), pp.1083. ⟨10.3390/molecules27031083⟩. ⟨hal-03644807⟩

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