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La diffusion des sports athlétiques sur le littoral du Pas-de-Calais (fin du XIXe siècle-années 1920) : « greffe du modèle anglais » ou « mésentente cordiale » ?

Olivier Chovaux 1 
1 SHERPAS - Sociologie, Histoire, Education, Représentations, Pratiques et Activités Sportives - URePSSS
URePSSS - Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Sport, Santé, Société (URePSSS) - ULR 7369 - ULR 4488
Abstract : Born in Victorian England, athletic sports spread across France as early as during the July monarchy, thanks to the comings and goings of the gentility. At the end of the XIXth century, a combination of factors seems to create suitable conditions for a « transplant of the English model », primarily in northern France : the intensification of commercial and cultural exchanges in port cities, the development of seaside holidays, the presence of numerous British nationals explain this spreading. More and more people join clubs that adopt the uses and the rules of the gentry in order to practice horse racing, sailing contests, lawn-tennis, golfing. The urban project of the Paris-Plage resort (implemented as early’s 1881) illustrates the scope of this real « taking-off » of sport along the shores of the Channel, in spite of a few discordant opinions : those of medical experts concerned with hygiene and those of education specialists who prefer more normative forms of gymnastic practice, and particularly within the school of the republic. The establishment of association football in the early twentieth century is the most highly visible sign of this sportive « entente cordiale » : presence of English players in soccer clubs of northern France, numerous games against English teams, adoption of the rules and the game systems in practice on the other side of the Channel. Far from meaning a break in this drive, World War I will accelerate this process of acculturation that lies at the origin of the development of mass-practice and sports events in France in the 1920s.
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Olivier Chovaux. La diffusion des sports athlétiques sur le littoral du Pas-de-Calais (fin du XIXe siècle-années 1920) : « greffe du modèle anglais » ou « mésentente cordiale » ?. Revue du Nord, 2011, 389 (1), pp.111. ⟨10.3917/rdn.389.0111⟩. ⟨hal-03468422⟩



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