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Processus de conception d’un outil didactique d’enseignement de la lecture documentaire numérique au cycle 3

Abstract : The results of French students in national and international assessments highlight their difficulties in reading documentaries at the end of elementary school (9-11 years old). We sought to improve teaching practices in this area. While the PIRLS 2016 international survey provided its conclusions regarding the skills that French students were particularly lacking in reading and understanding documentaries, we defined our intentions: to make up for a teaching deficit due to the difficulty in defining the strategies to be taught, but also to compensate for social inequalities by teaching all students what the most advantaged among them build in their families. To do this, we had several possibilities: to transmit knowledge to teachers in order to modify their practices or, conversely, to modify their practices in order to influence their knowledge. Following Goigoux and Cèbe, we opted for the second solution. Based on the results of the research, we chose to design a device for teaching digital document reading by testing the continuous design approach in the use adapted by these researchers by designing a didactic tool, #LectureDoc, for cycle 3. In our doctoral research, we wanted to know if their approach would allow us to carry out our project successfully. Consequently, we asked ourselves three questions: - In what way is the first step of the Continuous Design in Use approach developed by Goigoux and Cèbe valid for designing a first prototype? - How can we make up for the weakness of the second stage of continuous design in use and refine the methodology for processing user feedback to improve the tool? - To what extent does the completion of the third stage of the continuous design in use approach allow us to test the effectiveness of our tool? In order to answer these questions, we have retraced the anamnesis of each of the steps of the continuous design in use of #LectureDoc. Empirical study 1 highlights the need to use literature reviews in three areas of knowledge to design a first prototype of the tool. They did not, however, exempt us from the need to resort to additional studies to achieve this. Empirical study 2 proposes a methodological contribution concerning indicators of usefulness, usability and acceptability to help improve each of the two prototypes tested and co-designed with volunteer teachers. Empirical study 3, disrupted by the Covid 19 epidemic, did not allow us to test the effects of our tool on students. However, our test, LDN v3, is a contribution. We conclude our research work, mixing didactics and design ergonomics, by likening it to a current of design didactics.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 15, 2021 - 4:24:13 PM
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Juliette Renaud. Processus de conception d’un outil didactique d’enseignement de la lecture documentaire numérique au cycle 3. Education. Université Clermont Auvergne, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020CLFAL014⟩. ⟨tel-03088497v2⟩

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