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Franz Grillparzer – un second Schiller ? : la visite du classique autrichien à Weimar (1826) et sa contribution au centenaire de la naissance de Schiller (1859)

Abstract : After Schiler and Goethe, Franz Grillparzer, in the firts part of the nineteenth century, raised, for his part, the only supra regional renascent tradition of Germany, that of an imperial literature, to a classic level. The article studies the relationship of Austrian classicism with that of Weimar, Grillparzer followed the example of Schiller and Goethe from his youthful days. They strongly influenced his work. A visit to Weimar confirmed in Grillparzer his vocation as a poet : Goethe welcomed him as a second Schiller, and the Court offered him the directorship of the Weimar Theatre. But for Grillparzer, only Vienna, by achieving the Austrian renascent tradition, gave Germany the possibility of creating a truly universal classical theatre. Thus, during the tendentious Schiller jubilee of 1859, he played a rather miserable rôle. The committee celebrated Schiller as a bold precursor of liberalism and National unity. The dream of Austria achieving the German renascent tradition was shown to be untimely in the era of Nationalisms.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 19, 2022 - 12:55:21 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 20, 2022 - 4:00:01 AM

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Anne Wagniart. Franz Grillparzer – un second Schiller ? : la visite du classique autrichien à Weimar (1826) et sa contribution au centenaire de la naissance de Schiller (1859). Revue Germanique Internationale, CNRS UMR 8547 Pays germaniques : transferts culturels, 2004, Friedrich Schiller. La modernité d’un classique, 22, pp. 175-194. ⟨10.4000/rgi.1037⟩. ⟨hal-03780444⟩

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