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Défense et censure d’un jésuite de cour : la controverse autour du Père Jerónimo de Florencia

Abstract : The representations of the Jesuit Jerónimo de Florencia have always been an important stake in the construction of the Company’s image from the 17th century until today. The Carta de defunción written in 1633 by the Jesuit Father Juan de Montalvo immediately after the death of the royal preacher shows how the posthumous discourse —a truly hagiographical project —rehabilitates this controversial figure, who exerted more and more political influence in the court until the death of Philip III. The eulogy goes beyond the man’s excellent qualities to emphasize his selflessness as well as his utter obedience to the order and to his evangelical mission. Indirectly there emerges a defence at two levels, both individual and collective, at a time when Anti-Jesuitism was spreading in Spain. Conversely, three centuries later the Jesuit Antonio Astrain made a radically different choice in his Historia de la Compañía as he denounced Father Florencia’s vices to better reaffirm the Company’s moral and spiritual values. The varying images of Jerónimo de Florencia, which go from praise to vituperation, show how malleable the Company’s defending arguments are but also how necessary they are in Spain, a country where support for the Company is uneven.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 8, 2022 - 1:55:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 9, 2022 - 3:46:19 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-03772660, version 1


Sarah Voinier. Défense et censure d’un jésuite de cour : la controverse autour du Père Jerónimo de Florencia. Atlante : Revue d'études romanes, Centre d’études en civilisations, langues et littératures étrangères, 2015, Querelles littéraires et disputes politiques, Italie et Espagne (XIII-XVIIIe siècle), 2, pp. 191-210. ⟨hal-03772660⟩



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