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Évolution du vocabulaire économique et social chez D. Juan Carlos, roi d’Espagne de 1975 à 2013

Abstract : The current study presents a lexicological computerized investigation based on the diachronic sample of the annual messages the King of Spain, Juan Carlos I, addressed to his citizens between 1975 to 2014. These ‘Fin de Año’ speeches form the studied corpus. Both their formalization and strict codification provide a similar enunciative framework over this large historic period: a single speaker, King Juan Carlos de Borbón y Borbón; one communication form, the Christmas TV speech which was delivered to the Spanish nation. Our aim was to carry out a textometric exploration of a large-size chronologic corpus of 39 ‘Fin de Año’ discourses in order to screen the lexical changes versus the permanent wording schemes in the specific areas of economics and social issues over the 40 years of his reign (1975-2014). We assume this long period could be a key factor to explain some significant lexical changes. Indeed, Spain’s integration into that some steps were really crucial such the approval of the Spanish Constitution in 1978, the European Economic Community (EEC) 1986, and the strong impact of the international economic crisis of 2008. Over this long period, Spain discovered political changes through democratic elections and the implementation of civil rights. How does the King speak when he addresses economic and social issues? Based on a factorial correspondence analysis and an analysis of specific words, year by year, we will show how the King presents his personal vision of economic and social areas, using words such as ‘progreso’, ‘trabajo’ or noun phrases such ‘crisis económica’ or ‘igualdad de oportunidades’.
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Contributor : Aliénor Delmare Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, June 17, 2022 - 9:13:48 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 18, 2022 - 4:06:01 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-03697568, version 1


Carmen Pineira Tresmontant. Évolution du vocabulaire économique et social chez D. Juan Carlos, roi d’Espagne de 1975 à 2013. Textes et contextes, 2018, n°13-2. ⟨hal-03697568⟩



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