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Stroke-Induced Brain Parenchymal Injury Drives Blood–Brain Barrier Early Leakage Kinetics: A Combined in Vivo / in Vitro Study

Abstract : The disappointing clinical outcomes of neuroprotectants challenge the relevance of preclinical stroke models and data in defining early cerebrovascular events as potential therapeutic targets. The kinetics of blood–brain barrier (BBB) leakage after reperfusion and the link with parenchymal lesion remain debated. By using in vivo and in vitro approaches, we conducted a kinetic analysis of BBB dysfunction during early reperfusion. After 60 minutes of middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by reperfusion times up to 24 hours in mice, a non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging method, through an original sequence of diffusion-weighted imaging, determined brain water mobility in microvascular compartments (D*) apart from parenchymal compartments (apparent diffusion coefficient). An increase in D* found at 4 hours post reperfusion concurred with the onset of both Evans blue/Dextran extravasations and in vitro BBB opening under oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (R). The BBB leakage coincided with an emerging cell death in brain tissue as well as in activated glial cells in vitro. The co-culture of BBB endothelial and glial cells evidenced a recovery of endothelium tightness when glial cells were absent or non-injured during R. Preserving the ischemic brain parenchymal cells within 4 hours of reperfusion may improve therapeutic strategies for cerebrovascular protection against stroke.
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https://hal-univ-artois.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02515289
Contributor : Virginie Justin-Labonne <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 23, 2020 - 2:29:40 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 25, 2020 - 3:43:17 PM

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Mélanie Kuntz, Caroline Mysiorek, Olivier Petrault, Maud Petrault, Rustem Uzbekov, et al.. Stroke-Induced Brain Parenchymal Injury Drives Blood–Brain Barrier Early Leakage Kinetics: A Combined in Vivo / in Vitro Study. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, Nature Publishing Group, 2014, 34 (1), pp.95-107. ⟨10.1038/jcbfm.2013.169⟩. ⟨hal-02515289⟩

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