VEGF-induced BBB permeability is associated with an MMP-9 activity increase in cerebral ischemia: both effects decreased by Ang-1

Abstract : After cerebral ischemia, angiogenesis, by supplying for the deficient perfusion, may be a beneficial process for limiting neuronal death and promoting tissue repair. In this study, we showed that the combination of Ang-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) provides a more adapted therapeutic strategy than the use of VEGF alone. Indeed, we showed on a focal ischemia model that an early administration of VEGF exacerbates ischemic damage, because of its effects on blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability. In contrast, a coapplication of Ang-1 and VEGF leads to a significant reduction of the ischemic and edema volumes by 50% and 42%, respectively, in comparison with VEGF-treated mice. We proposed that Ang-1 blocks the BBB permeability effect of VEGF in association with a modulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. Indeed, we showed on both ischemic in vivo and BBB in vitro models that VEGF enhances BBB damage and MMP-9 activity and that Ang-1 counteracts both effects. However, we also showed a synergic angiogenic effect of Ang-1 and VEGF in the brain. Taken together, these results allow to propose that, in cerebral ischemia, the combination of Ang-1 and VEGF could be used early to promote the formation of mature neovessels without inducing side effects on BBB permeability.
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Article dans une revue
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, Nature Publishing Group, 2005, p. 1-14
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Contributeur : Wilfried Déplanques <>
Soumis le : vendredi 3 décembre 2010 - 15:35:03
Dernière modification le : mardi 24 avril 2018 - 01:39:10

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  • HAL Id : hal-00542804, version 1

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Samuel Valable, Joan Montaner, Anita Bellail, Vincent Berezowski, Julien Brillault, et al.. VEGF-induced BBB permeability is associated with an MMP-9 activity increase in cerebral ischemia: both effects decreased by Ang-1. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, Nature Publishing Group, 2005, p. 1-14. 〈hal-00542804〉

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