Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α activation as a mechanism of preventive neuroprotection induced by chronic fenofibrate treatment

Abstract : The treatment of ischemic strokes is limited to the prevention of cerebrovascular risk factors and to the modulation of the coagulation cascade during the acute phase. Anew therapeutic strategy could be to preventively protect the brain against noxious biological reactions induced by cerebral ischemia such as oxidative stress and inflammation to minimize their neurological consequences. Here, we show that a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR-α) activator, fenofibrate, protects against cerebral injury by anti-oxidant and antiinflammatory mechanisms. A 14 d preventive treatment with fenofibrate reduces susceptibility to stroke in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice as well as decreases cerebral infarct volume in C57BL/6 wild-type mice. The neuroprotective effect of fenofibrate is completely absent in PPAR-α-deficient mice, suggesting that PPAR-α activation is involved as a mechanism of the protection against cerebral injury. Furthermore, this neuroprotective effect appears independently of any improvement in plasma lipids or glycemia and is associated with (1) an improvement in middle cerebral artery sensitivity to endothelium-dependent relaxation unrelated to an increase in nitric oxide synthase (NOS) type III expression, (2) a decrease in cerebral oxidative stress depending on the increase in numerous antioxidant enzyme activities, and (3) the prevention of ischemia-induced expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in cerebral vessels without any change in NOS II expression. These data demonstrate that PPAR-α could be a new pharmacological target to preventively reduce the deleterious neurological consequences of stroke in mice and suggest that PPAR-α activators could preventively decrease the severity of stroke in humans.
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Contributor : Wilfried Déplanques <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 19, 2010 - 9:12:00 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 27, 2019 - 1:27:47 AM

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Dominique Deplanque, Patrick Gelé, Olivier Pétrault, Isabelle Six, Christophe Furman, et al.. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α activation as a mechanism of preventive neuroprotection induced by chronic fenofibrate treatment. Journal of Neuroscience, Society for Neuroscience, 2003, 23 (15), pp.6264-6271. ⟨10.1523/JNEUROSCI.23-15-06264.2003 ⟩. ⟨hal-00537698⟩

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