Low-density lipoprotein receptor on endothelium of brain capillaries

Abstract : The presence of lipoproteins, apolipoproteins, and their receptors in the brain could provide a system for cholesterol homeostasis, as they do in other tissues. This study was undertaken to determine whether plasma low-density lipoprotein, the major carrier of cholesterol, is involved in the delivery of lipids through the blood-brain barrier. 125I-Labeled low-density lipoprotein bound to a specific receptor on the endothelium of brain capillaries when it was injected immediately postmortem into bovine brain circulation. In contrast, no specific binding of 125I-low density lipoprotein was found when the incubations were performed with isolated capillaries. Incubations of endothelial or basement membranes of brain capillaries with 125I-low density lipoprotein demonstrated a high-affinity association of low-density lipoprotein with the membranes of bovine cerebral endothelial cells. The specificity of the low-density lipoprotein binding was determined in several ways using a dot blot assay. This receptor shows the same characteristics as the low-density lipoprotein receptor on human fibroblasts. The molecular weight of the bovine brain capillary low-density lipoprotein receptor ( 132,000) was determined by ligand blotting. These results demonstrated the occurrence of a low-density lipoprotein receptor on the endothelial cells of brain capillaries.
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Journal articles
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Stéphane Méresse, Christiane Delbart, Jean-Charles Fruchart, Roméo Cecchelli. Low-density lipoprotein receptor on endothelium of brain capillaries. Journal of Neurochemistry, Wiley, 1989, 53 (2), p. 340-345. ⟨hal-00523614⟩

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