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Structure of a reaction intermediate mimic in t6A biosynthesis bound in the active site of the TsaBD heterodimer from Escherichia coli

Abstract : The tRNA modification N6-threonylcarbamoyladenosine (t6A) is universally conserved in all organisms. In bacteria, the biosynthesis of t6A requires four proteins (TsaBCDE) that catalyze the formation of t6A via the unstable intermediate l-threonylcarbamoyl-adenylate (TC-AMP). While the formation and stability of this intermediate has been studied in detail, the mechanism of its transfer to A37 in tRNA is poorly understood. To investigate this step, the structure of the TsaBD heterodimer from Escherichia coli has been solved bound to a stable phosphonate isosteric mimic of TC-AMP. The phosphonate inhibits t6A synthesis in vitro with an IC50 value of 1.3 μM in the presence of millimolar ATP and L-threonine. The inhibitor binds to TsaBD by coordination to the active site Zn atom via an oxygen atom from both the phosphonate and the carboxylate moieties. The bound conformation of the inhibitor suggests that the catalysis exploits a putative oxyanion hole created by a conserved active site loop of TsaD and that the metal essentially serves as a binding scaffold for the intermediate. The phosphonate bound crystal structure should be useful for the rational design of potent, drug-like small molecule inhibitors as mechanistic probes or potentially novel antibiotics.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03134410
Contributor : Gestionnaire Hal-Su <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 8, 2021 - 12:05:41 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 10, 2021 - 3:33:15 AM

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Brett Kopina, Sophia Missoury, Bruno Collinet, Mark Fulton, Charles Cirio, et al.. Structure of a reaction intermediate mimic in t6A biosynthesis bound in the active site of the TsaBD heterodimer from Escherichia coli. Nucleic Acids Research, Oxford University Press, 2021, ⟨10.1093/nar/gkab026⟩. ⟨hal-03134410⟩

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